China VW-4/5-16 High Pressure Casing Gas Recovery Compressor Oil-Free Natural Gas LPG CO2 Piston Compressor

Product Description

HangZhou CZPT Gas Equipment Co.,Ltd, exporting diaphragm compressor, piston compressor, oxygen generator, gas cylinder and nitrogen generators with good quality and low price.

Piston compressor is a kind of piston reciprocating motion to make gas pressurization and gas delivery compressor mainly consists of working chamber, transmission parts, body and auxiliary parts. The working chamber is directly used to compress the gas, the piston is driven by the piston rod in the cylinder for reciprocating motion, the volume of the working chamber on both sides of the piston changes in turn, the volume decreases on 1 side of the gas due to the pressure increase through the valve discharge, the volume increases on 1 side due to the reduction of air pressure through the valve to absorb the gas.

Compressor for unloading and loading
Product description
This ZW series of oil-free compressors is 1 of the first products produced by our factory in China. The compressors have the advantage of low rotating speed, high component strength, stable operation, long service life and convenient maintenance. It is consist of compressor, gas-liquid separator, filter, two-position four-way valve, safety valve, check valve, explosion-proof motor and base etc. It has the characteristics of small size, light weight, low noise, good sealing, easy installation and easy operation.
This compressor is mainly used for unloading, loading, dumping, residual gas recovery and residual
liquid recovery of LPG/C4, propylene and liquid ammonia. It is widely used in gas, chemical,
energy and other industries, and is a key equipment in gas, chemical, energy and other
industries.

Note: In the process of unloading, the compressor pressurizes the gas from the storage tank and
then presses it into the tanker through the gas phase line, and presses the liquid from the tanker
to the storage tank through the pressure difference of the gas phase to complete the unloading
two process. When the gas phase is pressurized, the temperature of the gas phase will rise. At this
time, it is not necessary to force it to cool, because if the gas phase is compressed and then
cooled, it is easy to liquefy, and the pressure difference of the gas phase is difficult to establish,
which is not conducive to the replacement of the gas phase and the liquid phase. In short, it will
prolong the unloading process time. If residual gas recovery is required, during the residual gas
recovery operation, a cooler can be selected for forced cooling of the gas phase, so as to recover
the residual gas as soon as possible.
The loading process is the opposite of the unloading process.

Propane-Butane Mix Compressor

Number Type Power(kW) Dimension (mm) Loading or unloading (t/h)
  1.  
ZW-0.6/16-24 11 1000×680×870 ~15
  1.  
ZW-0.8/16-24 15 1000×680×870 ~20
  1.  
ZW-1.0/16-24 18.5 1000×680×870 ~25
  1.  
ZW-1.5/16-24 30 1400×900×1180 ~36
  1.  
ZW-2.0/16-24 37 1400×900×1180 ~50
  1.  
ZW-2.5/16-24 45 1400×900×1180 ~60
  1.  
ZW-3.0/16-24 55 1600×1100×1250 ~74
  1.  
ZW-4.0/16-24 75 1600×1100×1250 ~98
  1.  
VW-6.0/16-24 132 2400×1700×1550 ~147

Inlet pressure:≤1.6MPa
Outlet pressure: ≤2.4MPa
Max differential pressure: 0.8MPa
Maximum Instantaneous Pressure Ratio:≤4
Cooling method: Air cooling

The unloading volume is calculated according to the inlet pressure of 1.6MPa, the outlet
pressure of 2.4MPa, the inlet temperature of 40 ºC , and the density of propylene liquid of
614kg/m3. When the working conditions change, the unloading volume will change accordingly,
which is for reference only.

 Piping and Instrumentation Diagram of gas unloading  
 Liquid delivery
At the beginning, open the liquid phase pipeline between the tanker and the storage tank. If the liquid level in the tanker is higher than the storage tank, it will automatically flow into the storage tank. When the balance is reached, the flow will stop. If the liquid phase of the tanker is lower than the storage tank, directly start the compressor, the four-way valve is in the positive position, and the gas is extracted from the storage tank by the compressor and then discharged into the tanker. At this time, the pressure in the tank car rises, the pressure in the storage tank drops, and
the liquid in the tank car flows into the storage tank. (as shown below)

 Surplus liquid recovery
The residual liquid recovery process is the opposite of liquid transfer. After the liquid is delivered, the four-way valve should be reversed, and the dotted line in the figure is closed. At this time, the remaining gas in the tanker is inhaled by the compressor, pressurized and then discharged to the storage tank until the pressure of the remaining gas drops to no recovery value. When recycling, pay attention that the compressor pressure ratio and exhaust temperature cannot exceed the allowable values.

The working principle of the four-way valve
                  

Pull the handle of the four-way valve, when the four-way valve is in the position shown in Figure a, the A side is the intake air, and the gas flows from A to B, through the pipe, the intake filter part, the compressor intake pipe, the compressor, The compressor discharge pipe, the D end flows to the C end, and the C end is the exhaust end.
When the four-way valve is in the position of Figure B, the C end is the intake air, and the gas flows from the C end to the B end, through the pipe, the intake filter part, the compressor intake pipe, the compressor, the compressor exhaust pipe, and the D end It flows to end A, which is the exhaust end.

Reference example for selection and calculation of Propane-Butane Mix unloading compressor
.Selection of compressor inlet and outlet pressure
Saturated vapor pressure of Propane-Butane Mix at 20~36ºC

Temperature(ºC) Atmosphere Temperature(ºC) Atmosphere
20 8.4585 30 11.512
22 9.0125 32 12.212
24 9.5940 34 12.943
26 10.2040 36 13.708
28 10.8430    

In the case of high temperature, the saturated vapor pressure of Propane-Butane Mix is high, so the 16barg (inlet pressure)-24barg (outlet pressure) model is selected to meet the use environment when the temperature is high.
Note: The unit of pressure is kg/cm2

 

  • Compressor Flow Calculation

The specific flow calculation is more complicated and needs to be finally determined according to the calculation formula and experience. Only a simple calculation method is introduced here.

1. Calculate the volume of the tanker
According to the provided operating conditions, first determine the total volume flow required to unload the 15-ton Propane-Butane Mix tanker in 1 hour.
The specific gravity of Propane-Butane Mix is 0.618, so the volume of 15 tons of Propane-Butane Mix is: 15 ÷0.618=24.272m3; and since the tanker is not allowed to be full, it is generally about 80% of the tanker’s volume. The volume is 24.272+15×0.2=27.272, so the volume of the tanker should be 30m3.

2.Calculate flow
When the compressor is unloading, the pressure difference must first be established before the Propane-Butane Mix can be unloaded from the tanker to the storage tank. Generally, the time to establish the pressure difference is 15 minutes, so the actual unloading time is only about 45 minutes, that is, the required displacement is 30 ÷ 45 = 0.66667m3/min; and after the gas is pressurized from 16kg to 24kg by the compressor, the volume will be reduced to about 0.66667 (16 ÷ 24) of the original volume, then the compressor displacement is: 0.66667 ÷ 0.66667 =1m3/min

According to the above calculation, the compressor model is selected as ZW-1.1/16-24

what to see in an air compressor

If you need to buy an air compressor, you should know what to look for. The types of air compressors on the market are classified according to their CFM rating, safety devices, and pumps. There are several differences between lubricated and oil-free air compressors that you should know before buying. To better understand the difference between these types of air compressors, read on. This article will guide you through these differences.

Pump

If you are looking for a quality air compressor, you have come to the right place. A good air compressor pump will provide high pressure for anything from tires to boats and more. There are hundreds of different models to choose from, and the great thing about buying 1 from a Chinese manufacturer is that they have so many options. More importantly, Chinese manufacturers can customize air equipment such as air compressors at low prices.
A good quality air pump won’t break easily, but you’ll be able to use it for years. Choosing a high-quality pump will help you avoid many hassles on the road, such as unplanned downtime and installation costs. Plus, a pump from the same manufacturer as your air compressor is your best bet to ensure optimum performance. Listed below are some tips for finding a quality pump for your air compressor.
The air compressor is an important but unremarkable invention. Without them, our lives would be completely different. Without a pump, we can’t get hot water from central heating, nor can we get heat from the refrigerator. We can’t inflate bicycle tires, and we can’t refuel cars. Pumps are vital to all kinds of machines. So why is it important to choose the right product? The answer may surprise you.
Different types of pumps are used for different applications. Positive displacement pumps move a fixed volume of fluid and direct it to a drain. This design ensures constant flow at a constant speed regardless of discharge pressure. Centrifugal pumps work differently. The impeller accelerates the fluid, converting the input energy into kinetic energy. This type of pump is most commonly used in mines, air conditioning, industrial plants, and flood control.
air-compressor

safety equipment

There are several safety features you should check when using an air compressor. First, check the connection of the air filter to the air. If they come loose, parts may separate and cause injury. Another important safety feature is the shut-off valve. When working near compressed air, the shut-off valve should be within easy reach and visibility. Moving parts and other equipment must be protected with protective covers. Check safety valve and replace damaged parts.
Rupture discs are copper discs located on the air cooler. When the air pressure exceeds a certain limit, it bursts. Fusible plugs contain materials that melt at high temperatures. The compressor should have a lubricating oil pressure alarm and cut off the trip signal. If these 2 safety devices fail, the compressor should be stopped immediately. The rupture disc should be inspected at least weekly to ensure it does not rupture under pressure.
If the pressure level is too high, and overcurrent protection device cuts power to the motor. It also automatically shuts off the compressor when the hose ruptures or the air volume exceeds a preset level. The device should be installed on the air compressor to prevent accidents. Its job is to protect the operator from harm. If employees do not follow these safety measures, they may cause equipment damage.
To ensure safety when operating the air compressor, safety glasses and gloves should be worn. Pressurized air can cause eye injury, and crash goggles can provide a barrier to prevent this. Additionally, the self-retracting cord prevents trip hazards and reinforces excess cord. You should also keep your hands and body away from the air nozzle. This will prevent you from being sprayed with compressed air.

CFM Rating

An air compressor’s PSI and CFM ratings indicate the pressure and volume it can deliver. PSI stands for pounds per square inch and measures the force and pressure contained in 1 square inch of air. These 2 indicators are equally important when choosing an air compressor. If you need a lot of compressed air for a specific application, you will need a higher psi compressor. Likewise, if you are using compressed air in a smaller application, a low cfm compressor will not provide enough power to meet your needs.
When comparing different air compressors, be sure to pay close attention to horsepower and CFM ratings. While compressor power is essential for some tasks, it is not the most important aspect. The CFM rating of an air compressor will determine how big a project it can handle and how long it takes to charge. Make sure you understand the CFM and PSI ratings of your future compressors, as not knowing these important statistics can frustrate you and drive up costs.
In general, it is best to choose an air compressor with a CFM rating higher than the size of the air tool. This will ensure that the air compressor has enough pressure to work multiple tools efficiently at the same time. While smaller CFM ratings may be sufficient for smaller projects, larger tools such as drills require a lot of air. Therefore, the higher the CFM, the larger and more powerful the tool.
Once you understand the CFM of an air compressor, you can start looking for the right tool. You can check the CFM rating of your air compressor online by commenting below. If you’re not sure about the size of your air tool, you can always buy a second air compressor. This is a great way to double the CFM of your air compressor! You’ll have more air to do more work, and your compressor will last longer.
air-compressor

Lack of oil and lubrication

Oil-free air compressors have a smaller footprint and require less maintenance than oil-lubricated air compressors. Although oil-lubricated air compressors are more expensive and heavier than oil-free air compressors, they are also ideal for stationary use. The benefits of oil-free air compressors include greater durability and lower maintenance costs. The advantages and disadvantages of each type are discussed below.
Oil-free air compressors are generally quieter than oil-lubricated air compressors. However, you may still experience some noise while using it. To avoid this, you should choose a quiet intake compressor. However, if you work next to a noisy compressor, you should buy a muffler, an aftermarket filter that reduces compressor noise.
If you want to use the air compressor for a long time, the oil-free model is not the right choice. Its Teflon coating wears off over time, especially at extreme temperatures. Additionally, oil-free air compressors have a large number of moving parts that require regular maintenance, while oil-filled air compressors are great for those who don’t want to invest in extra parts.
Another major difference between oil-free and oil-lubricated air compressors is lubrication. Oil-lubricated air compressors require regular lubrication whereas oil-free air compressors are pre-lubricated. They have fewer parts and are cheaper. Oil-free air compressors are lighter than oil-lubricated air compressors. In addition to being more affordable, oil-free air compressors are more powerful and durable.
While oil-filled air compressors are more efficient and durable, they generate a lot of heat. However, they are also more expensive and require regular oil changes. Furthermore, they are difficult to transport. They also need to be permanently installed. These air compressors are also not portable and require a fixed location. So, consider your needs before deciding which type is best for you. When you’re choosing an air compressor for your business, be sure to shop around.
air-compressor

noise level

If you are wondering what the noise level of an air compressor is, the answer depends on your specific equipment and working environment conditions. Typically, air compressors produce 40 to 90 decibels of noise. Although the lower the decibel level, the quieter the compressor will be. Larger, more powerful air compressors produce higher noise levels than their little brothers. But no matter how big the air compressors are, it’s a good idea to wear hearing protection while working around them.
When purchasing a new air compressor, the noise level of the air compressor should be considered. While this may seem like a small problem, there are actually a lot of variations on these noisy machines. The most common type of air compressor is the reciprocating piston pump. This model uses pistons similar to an engine to rotate inside a chamber. The piston moves quickly and traps air proportional to its size. Single-piston air compressors are generally noisier than twin-piston models, also known as twin cylinders.
But even if you have the proper equipment to protect your hearing, it’s still important to know the noise level of an air compressor. Even if the noise is not immediately dangerous, it can still cause temporary or permanent hearing loss. This condition is called noise-induced hearing loss, and an air compressor with a sound level of 80 or higher can cause permanent hearing damage. You can avoid potential damage to your hearing and prevent accidents by simply paying attention to the noise level of your air compressor.
Air compressors are inherently noisy, but if you take steps to reduce their noise levels, you can minimize disruption to neighbors and co-workers. For example, installing a sound enclosure in your work area can prevent your air compressor from making as much noise as before. Depending on your workspace, you can also try installing a long air hose, which will reduce sound levels by up to 25%.
China VW-4/5-16 High Pressure Casing Gas Recovery Compressor Oil-Free Natural Gas LPG CO2 Piston Compressor  China VW-4/5-16 High Pressure Casing Gas Recovery Compressor Oil-Free Natural Gas LPG CO2 Piston Compressor

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